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deliberately misleading or biased information, manipulated narrative or facts, propaganda. Fabricated or deliberately manipulated audio/visual content. Intentionally created conspiracy theories or rumors.

Fake News

false news stories, often of a sensational nature, created to be widely shared or distributed for the purpose of generating revenue, or promoting or discrediting a public figure, political movement, company, etc. Sometimes Facetious. Used as a conversational tactic to dispute or discredit information that is perceived as hostile or unflattering.


deliberate publication of private information for personal or corporate rather than public interest. Deliberate change of content, date or time of genuine content.


false information that is spread, regardless of whether there is intent to mislead. Unintentional mistakes such as inaccurate photo, captions, dates, statistics, translations or when satire is taken seriously.


relating to or existing in an environment in which facts are viewed as irrelevant, or less important than personal beliefs and opinions, and emotional appeals are used to influence public opinion.